Juvenile Law Online Classes

Professor Paula Kaldis
Phone: 978.681.0800 X117
Email: pota@mslaw.edu

 

Week 1

PART I:  THE CHILD, THE FAMILY, AND THE STATE

Tuesday, 1/20

 

Introduction: Origins, philosophy, goals of the Juvenile Court.

Please read the Convention on the Rights of the Child at the following link:

http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/3ae6b38f0.html

Also, visit the following human rights sources:

http://www.amnestyusa.org/children/

http://www.hrw.org/topic/childrens-rights

 

Thursday, 1/22

Parental rights:

Conflict between family and state: Meyer v. Nebraska, 262 U.S. 390 (1923); Pierce v. Society of Sisters, 268 U.S. 510 (1925); Prince v. Massachusetts, 321 U.S. 158 (1944); Wisconsin v. Yoder, 406 U.S. 205(1972); Troxel v. Granville, 530 U.S. 57 (2000); Adoptive Couple v. Baby Girl, 133 S.Ct. 2552 (2013).

Questions

 

Week 2

Tuesday, 1/27

The Child’s right to be heard:

Due Process: In re Gault, 387 U.S. 1 (1967).

 

 

Thursday, 1/29

SNOW DAY

Week 3

Tuesday 2/3
In-class exercise: Gerry Gault’s delinquency hearing.

Questions on Gault case, due 2/6.

 

Thursday 2/5

The child’s right to be heard: 

Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School, 393 U.S. 503(1969); Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier, 484 U.S. 260 (1998); Board of Education v. Pico, 457 U.S. 853(1982); Goss v. Lopez, 419 U.S. 565 (1975); Morse v. Frederick, 551 U.S. 393 (2009)

http://www.aclu.org/human-rights/childrens-rights

Mass. Gen. Laws, ch. 71, sec. 30, 37H, 37H1/2, 82, 83, 84, 85.

ANTI-BULLYING STATUTE: Mass. Gen. Laws, ch. 71, 37 O, 37 H.

Mass. Gen. Laws, ch. 258E, Harassment Prevention Orders

http://www.ed.gov/;

http://www.doe.mass.edu/

Pyle I, Pyle II, Pyle III; Doe v. Worcester, 421 Mass. 117 (1995); Comm. v. Stone, 45 Mass. App. Ct. 1998).

Student exercise:

Read “Free Speech” article and be prepared to debate whether it should be included in school newspaper.

Student Rights Questions, due 2/16 

 

Week 4

PART II: PROTECTING THE CHILD FROM ABUSE AND NEGLECT

Tuesday, 2/10

SNOW DAY

 

Thursday, 2/12

Introduction to Abuse & Neglect:

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 119, sections 1-39; 51A – 51G; Summary on Pre-Court Investigation and the Care & Protection Process Familiy Intervention and the Department of Social Services: The Pre-Court Investigatory and Administrative Process, 75 Mass. Law Rev.25 (Spring 1990).

 

 

Week 5

Tuesday, 2/17

Case law standards:

Santosky v. Kramer, 455 U.S. 745 (1982); Care & Protection of Robert, 408 Mass. 52 (1990); Care & Protection of Isaac, 419 Mass. 602 (1995); Care & Protection of Jeremy, 419 Mass. 616 (1995); Custody of a Minor (No.2), 392 Mass. 719 (1989); Care & Protection of Sophie; Care & Protection of Bruce, 44 Mass. App. Ct. 758 (1998); Care & Protection of Manuel, 428 Mass. 527 (1998); Care & Protection of Orazio, 68 Mass. App. Ct. 213 (2006); Care & Protection of Zelda, 26 Mass. App. Ct. 869, (1989); Care & Protection of Jamison 467 Mass 269 (2014).

Care & Protection Questions, due 2/24

 

Thursday, 2/19

Domestic Violence and its effects on children:

Custody of Vaughn, 422 Mass. 590 (1996);

Guardian Ad Litem Report – Sandy Smith v. Walter Jordan;

Domestic Violence questions due 2/28

 

Week 6

Tuesday, 2/24

Child Sexual Abuse:

Comm. v. Colin, 419 Mass. 54 (1994); Custody of Eleanor, 414 Mass. 795 (1993); Carlos, 413 Mass. 339; Jennifer, 25 Mass. App. Ct. 241 (1998); Michel, 28 Mass. App. Ct. 260 (1990); Martha, 407 Mass. 319 (1990); Rebecca, 419 Mass. 67 (1994); Quentin, 424 Mass. 882; Tina, 45 Mass. App. Ct. 727(1999); Adoption of Daisy, 460 Mass. 72 (2012).

Questions on child sexual abuse.

 

Child Sexual Abuse:

Maryland v. Craig, 497 U.S. 836 (1990; Amirault I, Amirault II, Com. v. Johnson, 417 Mass. 498 (1994); Com. v. Bergstrom, 402 Mass. 534(1988); Com. v. Aviles, 461 Mass. 60 (2011).

Mass. Gen Laws ch. 233, sec. 81, 82, 83.

APPOINTING LEGAL COUNSEL FOR CHILDREN IN DOMESTIC RELATIONS AND CHILD DEPENDENCY PROCEEDINGS WHEN THERE ARE ALLEGATIONS OF CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE, Paula Kaldis and Nora Sanchez, National Children’s Bench Book

 

http://www.publiccounsel.net/practice_areas/defender_links/deflinks1.html#AbuseSexual

 

Thursday, 2/26

Questions

Role of Counsel:

When the child wants to return home;

Ethical Problem.

Performance standards:

Delinquency and criminal cases:

http://www.publiccounsel.net/practice_areas/yap%20pdf/juvenile_delinquency_youthful_offender_(trial_level).pdf

Child and Family Law cases:

http://www.publiccounsel.net/Private_Counsel_Manual/private_counsel_manual_pdf/chapters/chapter_4_sections/civil/trial_panel_standards.pdf

National Association of Counsel for Children:

http://www.naccchildlaw.org/

 

Children’s Attorneys—Should They Be Advocates or Champions?

The Role of Counsel for Children in Massachusetts, By The Honorable Jay D. Blitzman & Paula Kaldis Dickinson, Esq.

 

Week 7

Tuesday, 3/3

 

Medical Neglect:

When Should the State Interfere?

In Re McCauley, Custody of a Minor I, Custody of a Minor II, Green v. Truman, 459 F.Supp.342 (D. Mass. 1978); Curtis v. Falmouth, 420 Mass. 749 (1995); Com. v. Twitchell, 416 Mass. 114 (1993); In Re Rena, 46 Mass. App. Ct. 335 (1999); Care & Protection of Sharlene, 445 Mass. 756 (2006).

 

The “Ifa” case;

Cobble v. DSS, 430 Mass. 385 (1999).

 

Thursday, 3/5

Mental health issues:

D.L. v. Commissioner of Social Services, 412 Mass. 558(1992); In the Matter of McKnight, 406 Mass. 787 1990); Rogers v. DMH, 390 Mass. 489 (1983); Com. v. Lamb, 365 Mass. 265 (1974); Roe, 383 Mass. 415 (1981); Belchertown v. Sackewicz, 373 Mass. 728 (1977).

Mass. Gen Laws ch 119 sec. 68A; Mass Gen Laws ch 123 sec 12; Mass Gen. Laws ch. 123 sec. 15; Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 112 sec. 12F; 110 CMR 11.03(3).

Week 8

Tuesday, 3/10

LGBTQ  Youth:

Mass. Gen laws ch 76. sec. 5, 16; 603 CMR 26.00, 26.07;

http://www.mass.gov/cgly/

http://www.equityproject.org

http://www.thetrevorproject.org

http://www.youthbreakout.org/content/breakout-jjpl-implement-model-lgbtq-policy-new-orleans-juvenile-detention-center

http://www.splcenter.org/teachingtolerance/tt-index.html

 

Thursday, 3/12

Questions

Adoption & Termination of Parental Rights:

Termination of Parental Rights – Mass. Gen. Laws, ch 210 sec. 3

Mass. Adoption cases:

Hugo, 428 Mass. 219 (1998); Eno v. LLM, 429Mass. 824 (1999); Iris, 427 Mass. 582 (1998); Paula, 420 Mass. 716 (1995); Manuel, 428 Mass. 527 (1998); Helen, 429 Mass. 856 (1999); Adoption of Mary, 414 Mass. 705 (1993); Adoption of Diane, 400 Mass. 196 (1987); Frederick, 405 Mass. 1 91989); Bezio v. Patenaude, 381 Mass. 563 (1980); Adoption of Arthur, 34 Mass. App. Ct. 934 (1993); Adoption of Greta, 431 Mass. 577 (2000); Adoption of Ilona, 459 Mass. 53 (2011).

 

Week 9 – SPRING BREAK 3/16 – 3/21

WEEK 10

Tuesday, 3/24

Mass. Adoption cases

Adoption of Linus, 73 Mass. App. Ct. 815 (2009), Adoption of Eduardo, 57 Mass. App. Ct. 278, (2003), Adoption of Imelda, 72 Mass. App. Ct. 354 (2008); Adoption of Wilamina, 71 Mass App. Ct. 230 (2008), Adoption of Keefe, 49 Mass. App. Ct. 818, (2000).

 

Thursday, 3/26

There is NO audio for today.
Please watch the Logan Marr documentary and answer questions.

“The Taking of Logan Marr.”

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/fostercare/marr/

Questions Week 10

 

Week 11

Tuesday, 3/31


Mock hearing

Thursday, 4/2

Mock Hearing
Mock Hearing Questions

Week 12

PART III:  CHILD REQUIRING ASSISTANCE

 (FORMERLY CHILDREN IN NEED OF SERVICES)

Tuesday, 4/7

CHILD REQUIRING ASSISTANCE

Mass Gen Laws ch. 119 sec. 39E – 39L;

http://www.publiccounsel.net/Practice_Areas/cafl_pages/Child%20Requiring%20Assistance%20Resources.html

http://www.doe.mass.edu/ssce/

Comm. v. Brasher, 359 Mass. 550 (1971); Comm. v. Johnson, 309 Mass. 476 (1941); School Committee of Worcester v. Worcester Juvenile Court, 410 Mass. 831 (1991) In the Matter of GAIL, 417 Mass.321 (1994); Oscar v. Worcester, 412 Mass. 38 (1992); In the Matter of VINCENT, 408 Mass. 527 (1990); Florence, 429 Mass. 523 (1999); In the matter of Angela, 445 Mass. 55, 833 N.E.2d 575(2005); In the Matter of Hilary, 450 Mass. 491 (2008).

Thursday, 4/9

Student suspension:

Nicholas B., 412 Mass. 20 (1992); Pierce v. School Committee, 322 F. Supp. 957 (D. Mass. 1971).

Student violence:

“Can we create violence-free schools that are still free?” 34 New Eng.L.Rev.623; Commonwealth v. Milo, 433 Mass. 149(2001).

http://www.ncdjjdp.org/cpsv/; http://www.tolerance.org/index.jsp

Week 13

Tuesday, 4/14

The “Halley Wright” case.

PART IV:  JUVENILE DELINQUENCY & YOUTHFUL OFFENDERS

Mass Gen Laws ch 119 sec. 52 et seq

Thursday 4/16

Jurisdiction and Disposition in the Juvenile Court;

Delinquency & Youthful Offender Statute:

Mass. Gen. Laws ch.119, sections 52-84.

 

Week 14

Tuesday 4/21

U.S. Supreme Court: setting (conflicting) standards.

In re Gault; Mckeiver v. Pennsylvania, 403 U.S. 528(1971); Schall v. Martin, 467 U.S. 253 (1984); Winship, 397 U.S. 358 (1970); Kent v. U.S., 383 U.S. 541 (1966); Breed v. Jones, 421 U.S. 519 (1975);

Roper v. Simmons, 543 U.S.551 (2005); Graham v. Florida, 130 S. Ct. 2011 (2010); Miller v. Alabama, 132 S. Ct. 548 (2012)

 

Thursday, 4/23

Juvenile Delinquency cases:

Commonwealth v. Juvenile, 389 Mass. 128 (1983); Commonwealth v. MacNeill, 399 Mass. 71 (1987); Commonwealth v. Wayne, 414 Mass. 218 (1993); Commonwealth v. Walter, 414 Mass. 714 (1993); Commonwealth v. Berry, 420 Mass. 95 (1995); Commonwealth v. Mathews, 406 Mass. 380 (1990); Commonwealth v. Clifford, 415 Mass. 38 (1995); Commonwealth v. Bernado, 453 Mass. 158 (2008); Commonwealth v. Weston, 455 Mass 24 (2009); Commonwealth v. Walczak, 463 Mass. 808 (2012); Diatchenko v. District Attorney, 466 Mass 655 (2013); Commonwealth v. Brown, 466 Mass 676 (2013).

Week 15

Tuesday, 4/28

Student searches.

New Jersey v. TLO, 469 U.S. 325(1985); Commonwealth v. Snyder, 413 Mass. 521 (1992); Damien D, 433 Mass. 725 (2001); Commonwealth v. Buccella, 434 Mass. 473(2001); Commonwealth v. Considine, 448 Mass. 295 (2007); Safford Unified School District v. Redding, 129 S. Ct. 2633 (2009); Camreta v. Greene

Thursday, 4/30

Role of the Lawyer in the Juvenile Court Process:

Ethical problems.


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